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Finance Dictionary and Glossary of Investment Terms
A term used to describe a transaction between three brokers where one does not use his/her name. For example, Broker 1 receives a buy order that he/she is too busy to handle. Broker 1 asks Broker 2 to handle the order. Broker 2 buys the stock from Broker 3 on behalf of Broker 1's client. The transaction will be recorded as if Broker 1 was never involved (he/she has "given it up"), even though the initial order was placed with him/her.
The action of a broker excluding his or her name in a securities transaction that involves two other brokers.
Used for listed equity securities. (1) Term used in a securities transaction involving three brokers, as follows: Broker A, a floor broker, executes a buy order for broker B (a member firm broker who has too much business at the time to execute the order). The broker with whom broker A completes the transaction (the sell-side broker) is broker C. Broker A "gives up" the name of broker B, so that the record shows a transaction between broker B and broker C even though the trade is actually executed between broker A and broker C; (2) distribution of commissions to brokerage houses not participating in a trade. This is a grey area of the law governing reimbursement of a broker for services (e.g., research). See: Directed brokerage.