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InvestHub.com's
Finance Dictionary and Glossary of Investment Terms

Monopoly  

Definition 1.

A situation in which a single company owns all or nearly all of the market for a given type of product or service. For a strict academic definition, a monopoly is a market containing a single firm.
 

Definition 2.

Market characterized by absolute control of all sales and distribution in the market by one firm, due to some barrier to entry of other firms, allowing the firm to sell at a higher price than the societally optimal price.
 

Definition 3.

A situation in which a single company owns all or nearly all of the market for a given type of product or service. This would happen in the case that there is a barrier to entry into the industry that allows the single company to operate without competition (for example, vast economies of scale, barriers to entry, or governmental regulation). In such an industry structure, the producer will often produce a volume that is less than the amount which would maximize social welfare.
 
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