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Finance Dictionary and Glossary of Investment Terms
The nominal dollar amount assigned to a security by the issuer. For an equity security, par is usually a very small amount that bears no relationship to its market price, except for preferred stock, in which case par is used to calculate dividend payments. For a debt security, par is the amount repaid to the investor when the bond matures (usually, corporate bonds have a par value of $1000, municipal bonds $5000, and federal bonds $10,000). In the secondary market, a bond's price fluctuates with interest rates. If interest rates are higher than the coupon rate on a bond, the bond will be sold below par (at a "discount"). If interest rates have fallen, the price will be sold above par. here also called face value or par value.
1. The face value of a bond. Generally $1,000 for corporate issues, with higher denominations such as $10,000 for many government issues. 2. A dollar amount assigned to a security when first issued.