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Finance Dictionary and Glossary of Investment Terms
A change in a company's capital structure, such as an exchange of bonds for stock. Recapitalization is often undertaken with the aim of making the company's capital structure more stable, and sometimes to boost the company's stock price (for example, by issuing bonds and buying stock). Companies that do not want to become hostile takeover targets might undergo a recapitalization by taking on a very large amount of debt, and issuing substantial dividends to their shareholders (this makes the stock riskier, but the high dividends may still make them attractive to shareholders). Also, bankrupt companies often undertake a recapitalization as a part of their reorganization process.
Restructuring a company's debt and equity mixture without affecting the total amount of balance sheet equity.